Anxiety disorders are a group of conditions that affect the individual and have symptoms that arise over time that may not be related to some disease or injury. Anxiety is categorized on the basis of its symptoms, which may include generalized anxiety, panic, irritability, depression, social isolation, social disorganization and obsessions. There are different types of anxiety disorders; they include post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, agoraphobia and obsessive compulsive disorder.In primary care, anxiety disorders are frequently misdiagnosed and undertreated.
Anxiety disorders are generally treated as outpatient procedures. Psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of the two should be used to treat anxiety disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy is considered to be the most evidence-based treatment.Psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and other interventions should be included in the treatment plan after careful consideration of individual factors such as the patients preferences, previous treatment attempts, illness severity, comorbidities such as personality disorders, suicidality, local availability of treatment methods, wait time for psychotherapy appointments, costs and other considerations.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors are first-line treatments. Benzodiazepines should not be used on a regular basis. Pregabalin, tricyclic antidepressants, buspirone, moclobemide and other treatments are available. Medication should be continued for 6 to 12 months after remission. Efficacy, side effects, interactions, expenses and the patients preferences should all be taken into account while creating a treatment plan. Patients should be "psych educated" on their diagnosis, the etiology and the mechanisms of action of the various therapy options.
Doctors normally try as much as possible to help patients manage to recover faster without being afraid of facing another attack that is just like an anxiety attack. Patients should not be afraid of going to their psychiatrist, although they need to know that they have options if they become too far down as they have already started to see their doctor.
If you have a tendency of panic attacks and are affected by anxiety, then you may want to start visiting your psychiatrist now that you should not worry about your health. To prevent further episodes of anxiety and panic attacks from occurring, visit your doctor again and continue therapy or medicines that are working well for you and that you think might be helpful. There is no guarantee that what worked well for you earlier will work for you again. Your doctor might recommend taking prescribed drugs or undergoing a psychological counseling session that will help you change your behavior and improve your mental state.
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